Seeds and propagating material. The chain of seeds and varieties is regulated by the Law on Chain of Seeds and Varieties. This law and regulatory acts, derived thereof, on seed breeding and marketing of seeds of cereal s, fodder crops, oleaginous plants and fiber plants, potatoes, beets and vegetables, as well as rules on the chain of propagating material of fruit-trees, berries, vegetables and decorative plants are aiming at protection of seed consumers from using of low-quality seed material for sowing and planting.
The chain of seeds and propagating material is monitored and controlled by the State Plant Protection Service. Information on certification of seeds and availability of certified seeds can be found at the home page of the State Plant Protection Service.
Currently the most topical legislative issues are amendments to be made to Regulations on potato seed breeding and seed marketing in order to transpose requirements of Directives, regarding quality indicators and marketing requirements, and amendments to Regulations on VCU in order to specify criteria and methodologies.
The European Commission is currently revising a proposal for new Regulation on plant reproductive material that will further be examined at the European Council.
The chain of fertilizers is regulated by the Law on Chain of Fertilizers, aiming at protection of consumers from using of low-quality fertilization means and substratum, hazardous for human and animal health and for the environment, as well as ensuring equal requirements for natural and legal persons, carrying out activities with fertilizers and substrata, identification of fertilizers, evaluation of the quality conformity and marketing requirements.
The monitoring and control on the chain of fertilizers and substratum is carried out by the State Plant Protection Service. Information on registration of fertilizers is available on the home page of the State Plant Protection Service.
Currently, the most topical legal issues are amendments to be made to Regulations on identification of fertilizers, quality conformity evaluation and marketing rules in order to lay down requirements for substrata.
The European Commission is currently developing new Regulation with a view to cover all the organic fertilizers and plant growth substrata.
The chain of plant protection products and restriction of spreading of harmful organisms is regulated by the Law on Plant Protection, the aim of which is to regulate all the activities of legal and natural persons in the area of plant protection to prevent harmful organisms from spreading in the territory of Latvia and the European Union, as well as to avoid leaving a hazardous impact by plant protection measures and means on human health, on species of animals reared or used for consumption and the environment, to prevent residues of plant protection products from accumulation in products, soil and water in volumes exceeding admissible limits. The State monitoring and control in the area of plant protection, including the chain of plant protection means, is carried out by the State Plant Protection. Information on registration and distribution of plant protection products is available on the home page of the State Plant Protection Service.
Protection of plant varieties is regulated by the Law on Protection of Plant Varieties, laying down provisions for granting plant variety protection rights and ensuring protection of rights to plant varieties. Protection of varieties means that a breeder has the right for royalties if the variety is used further. To officially recognize and protect the variety, it must be subjected to tests for its distinctness, uniformity and stability (DUS). DUS tests are carried out on the variety according to the varietal test protocols of the Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO) or UPOV guidelines for testing of plant varieties.
The home page of the State Plant Protection Service provides access to the information on entities carrying out DUS tests as well as the list of Latvia’s protected plant varieties.
Currently, the most topical legislative issues are amendments to be made to the Law on Protection of Plant Varieties with a view to lay down the procedure for granting of plant variety protection and protect the rights of the owner of plant variety protection rights. Objective of the draft Regulations on granting the rights to plant variety protection is to lay down the procedure for granting the rights of plant variety protection.
Environmental requirements regarding agricultural practice are laid down by the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No.834 of 23 December 2014 “Regulations on protections of water and soil from pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural activities” and the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No.829 of 23 December 2014 “Specific requirements for carrying of polluting activities in animal sheds”.
The most topical legislative issues of Regulations on protections of water and soil from pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural activities with a view to:
- lay down control on and requirements for storing and use of fermentation residues to avoid and diminish pollution of air, soil and water;
- to protect soil from the use of unjustifiably high and economically inconsistent portions of nutrients, when applying manure and fermentation residues, as well as ensuring their spreading during plant vegetation;
- providing farmers with basic data for calculations of nitrogen content of farmyard manure necessary, when applying farmyard manure to fields and preparing crop fertilizations plans;
- laying down requirements to be taken into consideration when determining nitrogen requirements for a certain crop upon planning the expected yield;
- to revise maximum admissible levels of nitrogen for crops based on research data.
“Specific requirements for carrying of polluting activities in animal sheds with a view to:
- revise and specify the requirements for storing of solid manure outside animal shed;
- to lay down requirements for storing of solid manure for small animal husbandry farms (up to 10 animal units and in vulnerable territories – up to 5 animals units);
- to tighten the requirements for monitoring of lagoon type storages by laying down the requirements for an operator who manages the lagoon type manure storage, to ensure monitoring of underground water quality;
- to supplement regulations with the storage capacity calculation formulas for storing of different types of farmyard manure.