Fishing activities in the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga mainly depends on the state of stocks, which are affected by several factors - fishing activities, fish feeding conditions, water temperature, water pollution levels and other.
During 2013 total catches in the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga amounted to 60 997 t (main species were cod, Baltic herring, sprat etc.), which is an increase by almost 525 tonnes when comparing to 2012. It is important to note that the quotas allocated to herring and sprat were fulfilled on average 96%, which is a very good performance indicator. While the available salmon catch quota was utilized only by 18%. Insufficient fulfilment of salmon quota is related to the prohibition of use of drift nets as well as to the market situation where imported Norwegian salmon is in dominant position. Cod quota was exhausted by 35% during the 2013. This trend of catch decrease is going on already since 2012. It is related to the recent changes in the cod population, where the reasons for such changes are not very clear even for fisheries scientists.
|Baltic sea and Gulf of Riga||Coastal area||Total||Use of quota (%)|
|Total||57 336.5||3660.3||60 996.,8|
|Other species||2641.3||267.6||2908.9||not applicable|
In the beginning of 2012 Latvia’s fishing fleet consists of more than 700 fishing vessels. These vessels are divided into several segments.
|Vessels overall length, area||01.01.2011||01.01.2012||01.01.2013.||01.01.2014|
|<12m Coastal fishing||683||648||635||628|
|12-40m Baltic Sea offshore||92||74||72||68|
|>40m High seas||11||9||8||7|